Xin Yongfei, CAICT: Promote high-quality development of strategic emerging industries

Strategic emerging industries are based on major technological breakthroughs and major development needs, and have a major leading and leading role in the overall economic and social situation and long-term development. In recent years, the rapid development of strategic emerging industries such as 5G and intelligent manufacturing has become an important area where countries around the world are scrambling to seize the commanding heights of the industrial revolution. The issuance and implementation of the “Guiding Opinions on Expanding Investment in Strategic Emerging Industries to Cultivate and Strengthen New Growth Points and Growth Pole” (hereinafter referred to as “Opinions”) conforms to the general trend of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and is committed to solidly doing the “six stability” “It is of great significance to fully implement the “six guarantees” tasks and promote the high-quality development of strategic emerging industries.

1. The “Opinions” are an important measure to deal with the new situation and new challenges

(1) Implementing the deployment of the Party Central Committee

The Party Central Committee attaches great importance to the development of strategic emerging industries. In the first half of this year, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over a meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and emphasized that “investment in strategic emerging industries should be expanded”; during his inspection in Zhejiang, he proposed that “the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G networks and data centers should be accelerated, and the digital layout should be accelerated. Economic, life and health, new materials and other strategic emerging industries and future industries, vigorously promote scientific and technological innovation, focus on strengthening new growth points, and form new development momentum.” The introduction of the “Opinions” effectively implemented the strategic deployment of the Party Central Committee.

(2) Seize the strategic opportunity of industrial transformation

In recent years, risks have accumulated in the process of global economic recovery, and the endogenous driving force for development has been insufficient. Developed countries have seized the development opportunities of strategic emerging industries and accelerated innovation to form a strong driving force. On the one hand, advance the layout of cutting-edge fields. Comprehensively promote the construction of high-speed, full-coverage, and intelligent network infrastructure, and focus on supporting the research and development of leading and disruptive technologies represented by artificial intelligence and quantum computing. On the other hand, comprehensively deepen integrated development. Relying on first-mover advantages, comprehensive advantages and superimposed advantages in the fields of information, manufacturing, biology, new materials, new energy, etc., accelerate the promotion of the deep integration of information network technology and manufacturing industry, and strive for the dominance of the new industrial revolution. Facing the critical period of the new round of technological revolution and the accelerated development of industrial transformation, the introduction of the “Opinions” to accelerate the development of strategic emerging industries has important strategic significance for gaining new advantages in future competition and promoting high-quality economic development.

(3) Cultivate new growth points and growth poles

Since the beginning of this year, the new crown pneumonia epidemic has caused a certain impact on my country’s economic and social development, and the development of strategic new industries under pressure has become an important engine driving economic growth. In the first half of the year, the added value of strategic emerging industries above designated size increased by 2.9% over the same period of the previous year, which was 4.2 percentage points higher than the growth rate of the added value of all industries above designated size in the same period. New industries and new formats such as intelligent manufacturing, unmanned distribution, online consumption, and medical and health care have shown strong growth potential, and new kinetic energy continues to emerge. Expanding investment in strategic emerging industries, cultivating and expanding new growth points and growth poles, are of great significance for solidly doing the “six stability” work under the requirements of normalized epidemic prevention and control, and fully implementing the “six guarantees” task.

(4) Grasping the key, seeking change and emphasizing practical results

In order to cope with the complex situation of increasing risks and challenges at home and abroad, the “Opinions” put forward 20 policy measures from four aspects: key industries, cluster development, capital security and environmental construction. First, focus on 8 major areas. The “Opinions” closely follow the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for the Development of National Strategic Emerging Industries”, clarifying the current investment priorities in various fields, and further guiding the high-quality development of strategic emerging industries. The second is to promote the “1+4” cluster project. The “Opinions” clearly continue to further promote the development of strategic emerging industrial clusters, and propose four major projects, including cluster innovation capability enhancement, industry-city integration demonstration, application scenario construction, and public service capability enhancement. The third is to make good use of three types of funds. The “Opinions” proposed to coordinate three types of funds, including government, financial institutions and social capital, and established the investment principle of “funds follow the project, and elements follow the project”. Fourth, improve four services. The “Opinions” pointed out that it is necessary to further improve services such as the reform of devolution, regulation and service, market-based allocation of factors, inclusive and prudent supervision, and creation of an investment atmosphere, so as to provide a good investment environment for the development of strategic emerging industries.

Second, the new generation of information technology industry is the key field

The new generation of information technology industry is the vanguard of the development of strategic emerging industries, and has an obvious role in driving improvement in other fields. At present, the development of the new generation of information technology is changing with each passing day, and it is accelerating its penetration into various fields, constantly giving birth to new industries, new models and new formats. It is becoming an important driving force for promoting the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and leading the development and growth of emerging industries. The “Opinions” made key arrangements for the investment direction of the new generation of information technology industry, covering a wide range and strong pertinence, mainly in four aspects:

The first is to speed up the construction of digital infrastructure. The “Opinions” proposed to promote the construction of 5G and new urban infrastructure. As the technical support for the future digital economy, digital infrastructure will not only bring investment needs of several trillion, or even more than ten trillion, but will also produce incalculable superposition effects and multipliers in the future through the industrialization of the digital economy and the digitization of traditional industries. effect.

The second is to accelerate the breakthrough of basic technological innovation. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, “Key core technologies cannot be obtained, bought, or negotiated. Only by mastering key core technologies in our own hands can we fundamentally guarantee national economic security, national defense security and other security.” Under the current complex and severe international situation, it is particularly important to break through key core technologies. Strengthening investment in basic technology fields is in line with my country’s goal of keeping the initiative in innovation and development firmly in its own hands.

The third is to accelerate the digital transformation of the industry. The “Opinions” focus on promoting the digital transformation of small, medium and micro enterprises in many fields such as smart broadcasting, media integration, smart logistics, online consumption, and healthcare. At present, accelerating the digital transformation of enterprises has become the key to achieving high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. Implementing the digital empowerment action for small and medium-sized enterprises and promoting the “cloud and data empowerment” of small and medium-sized enterprises will effectively promote the quality, efficiency and power changes of my country’s manufacturing industry.

The fourth is to speed up the application of new-generation information technology for inclusive benefits and equality. Including the implementation of the “Internet +” project of agricultural products going out of villages and cities, promoting the construction of agricultural and rural big data centers and the construction of big data for the entire industrial chain of important agricultural products. 2020 is the year of decisive victory in my country’s poverty alleviation campaign. Accelerating the implementation of the digital village development strategy and complementing the shortcomings of rural Internet infrastructure is conducive to promoting targeted poverty alleviation and poverty alleviation.

3. Industrial clusters are an important starting point for the development of strategic emerging industries

General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that “it is necessary to highlight the leading and pillar nature, give priority to cultivating and vigorously develop a number of strategic emerging industrial clusters, and build new pillars of the industrial system.” This is the fundamental principle for cultivating strategic emerging industrial clusters. Promoting the cluster-type development of strategic emerging industries is an important form of high-quality industrial development, which can effectively exert the effect of industrial agglomeration and improve the comprehensive competitiveness of the industry.

The “Opinions” is guided by one goal and focuses on four major projects to build a strategic emerging industry cluster. One goal is to build a “ten hundred thousand” industrial cluster echelon development system. Strategic emerging industry bases are comprehensive, overall and strategic, and are an important carrier for my country to participate in international competition. Strategic emerging industry clusters are regional, professional and leading, and are an important part of strategic emerging industry bases. The ecology of strategic new and emerging industries has the characteristics of innovation, integration and systematicness, which can promote the cluster development of industries. The three form a development pattern with a clear division of labor and mutual connection. The four major projects form support for building a new highland for industrial agglomeration development in terms of innovation capability, integration of industries and cities, application scenarios, and public services. Specifically:

One is the innovation ability improvement project. Give full play to the driving role of various innovation centers on the cluster, increase the construction of innovation platforms and collaborative innovation platforms, better play the role of enterprises in key links of the industrial chain, and enhance the leadership of cluster innovation.

The second is the demonstration project of integration of production and city. Improve the ability of industry-city integration through the construction of industrial ecological complexes and infrastructure, further explore the new construction model of “core bearing area + investment and construction company + professional operation company”, explore the pilot real estate investment trusts (REITs) in the infrastructure field, and realize the Production promotes the city, and the city promotes production.

The third is the application scenario construction project. Give full play to the key role of the new generation of information technology in creating application scenarios, release a list of application scenario projects for specific market entities, establish an incentive mechanism for application scenarios, demonstrate and promote application scenarios based on the best ones, and give subsidies to application parties to cultivate a strategic emerging industry ecosystem.

The fourth is the public service capacity improvement project. Improve the public service capabilities of industrial clusters in terms of specialized industrial cluster promotion agencies, standard data reference, universal service platforms, and new infrastructure.

The promulgation of the “Opinions” points out the direction for the next development of strategic emerging industries, and provides for the in-depth implementation of the Party Central Committee and the State Council’s “six stability” work in the normalized epidemic prevention and control, and the comprehensive implementation of the “six guarantees” tasks. important support. It is believed that under the vigorous promotion of governments at all levels, the care and support of financial institutions, and the positive response of enterprises, the whole society will continue to unite efforts to promote the high-quality development of strategic emerging industries, accelerate the construction of a modern industrial system, and promote the stability of the national economy. reach far.

  

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